Centre for Psychology and Counselling

Clinical Psychology, Counselling, Psychotherapy, Psychoanalysis (Jungian) and Dream Analysis.


Analytical Psychotherapy (and Jungian Analysis) has as its aim to release individual development by removing hindrances and obstacles in order to arrive at a more wholesome state of being.

Carl Jung, (Swiss psychoanalyst who originated ‘analytical psychology’) used the word 'complex’ to show how certain patterns of behaviour, feeling and thinking can get stuck around an unconscious issue which then has its own life. The individual remains unconscious of how he or she is being steered and determined by these unconsciously established patterns. In analytical psychotherapy, it is possible to address these problems via the experience of the therapist in the relationship. Certain aspects of the unconscious complexes can return in this relationship with the advantage of being able to discuss and analyze them for what they are. Once defensiveness and resistances are worked through, this can lead to a healthier sense of self, whilst symptoms can disappear. The latter is often the case, because symptoms are expressions of underlying issues that have remained unconscious.

Examples can be seen in the way clients tend to repeat particular ways of interacting with their partners, which is often a repetition of some unconscious pattern of behaviour that has a lot to do with the earlier relationships in life with parents. The client transfers these old patterns in new, adult relationships, whilst remaining unaware of these links to the past. At times, these old problems are re-experienced in the therapy via the transference to the analyst. The opportunity is then available to explore what this is about and what could be in the way to clear these repetitive patterns, which are often harmful.

The method can give insight, but what is even more important, it can correct what was once unresolved because this time the other person (the therapist) will not react in the way the client fears (unconsciously as well as consciously). This means that feelings and emotions are, in a way, more important than the actual insight (which could be purely intellectual).

A lot will depend on the client, so it is not a passive form of therapy and the ‘golden rule’ is that whatever comes to mind can be expressed, whether this is an emotion, a thought, a memory or a dream. Dream analysis is an integral part of the ongoing work, because dreams are the royal road to the unconscious.

Carl Jung spoke of ‘individuation’, by which he meant that there is a tendency in nature, including our souls, to move towards integration or wholeness and the more this is occurring, the less the symptoms and split-off parts of the Self are likely to take hold.

Dr. André de Koning, Clinical Psychologist and Psychoanalyst

Clinical Psychologist and Psychoanalyst (Jungian)
Consultations for: Adults and Couples
(Online counselling via Skype or phone will be considered)

Analytical Psychotherapy

Article by Dr André de Koning

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